Tuesday, July 29, 2014

One Minute Halacha Daily - 72 Bentching in the Home of a Gentile. 73 Kavonos when Saying Hashem’s Name

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#72 Bentching in the Home of a Gentile
If one eats in a goy’s house or in a similar place, for example a hotel belonging to a goy, there is a discussion in Halacha about changing the Nusach of Bentching, such that instead of saying Horachamon Hu Yishlach Brocho Merubo BeBayis Hazeh, that Hashem should send blessing to this home, which according to many Poiskim is not said when eating in the home of a goy, it would be replaced by a different text, Horachamon Hu Yishlach Brocho baHalichoseinu, that Hashem should send blessing wherever we go, baOilam Hazeh uleOilam HaBo, in this world and for the next world, etc. There is also a discussion whether a Mezuman can be made when one is eating in a non-Jewish home because that may not be considered a Keviyus, a fixed type of meal. If one is in such a situation, they should consult a Rov so as to ascertain the correct procedure.

#73 How Foods Combine for Brochos
The required amount in order to be able to make a Brocho Acharoina, an after-blessing, after eating solid foods is the size called Kezayis. The required amount for a Brocho Acharoina, an after-blessing, for liquids is a Reviis. A variety of solid foods may be combined in the Shiur, measure, of Kezayis even though they individually have different after-blessings. For example, if one eats a half a Kezayis of cake and a half a Kezayis of candy, they will make the Brocho Acharoina of Boirei Nefoshois, the lesser of the two after-blessings, as there was not a Kezayis of cake by itself which is needed to warrant the Brocho of Al Hamichya. The same idea will apply to different liquids that are drunk together. Solids and liquids, however, do not combine to make a Shiur.

Practical Halacha: One minute a day. By Horav Yosef Yeshaya Braun, shlita, member of the Badatz of Crown Heights. Text Prepared by Esther Rochel Elkaim

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